Saturday, December 23, 2017

Turnul din Baia Mare

Pur și simplu nu mă pot concentra din cauza vecinului de sus și a altor vecini care fac zgomote cu mașini fără țeavă de eșapament în parcare. De câte ori îmi vine o idee să scriu ceva se aude un zgomot.

Însă acum chiar acum am șters din greșeală, din aceleași motive, o postare importantă de g+.  De aceea voi încerca să o refac pe blog fiindcă aici e mult mai greu să o șterg.

În 95 au construit un turn în Baia Mare înalt de 350 de metri. O firmă Phoenix (numele amintește de pasărea Phoenix, care odată la 500 de ani se ridică din propria cenușă, foarte interesant). Mai înalt decât turnul Eiffel, a treia clădire ca înălțime din Europa, Baia Mare fiind în nordul României, la granița cu Ucraina.

Pentru ce a fost construit turnul. Pentru prelucrarea minereului de cupru din zonă, dar chiar în localitate?

Pagina în engleză a aceluiași subiect spune chestiile puțin diferit
"sulfurous copper ores" nu poate să însemne decât un singur lucru. Extragerea dintr-un minereu bogat în cupru care însă conține și sulf. Unul din rezultate este bioxidul de sulf care dacă se combină cu apa dă imediat acid sulfuric.
Ce cantități de sulf se elimină în atmosferă? Păi ceva comparabil cu cât cupru se scoate. Scoți o tonă de cupru, elimini o tonă de sulf sau așa ceva. Comparabil. Uitați-vă la reacție mai sus. "acid rain" cum scrie în pagina în engleză, înseamnă de fapt acid sulfuric. Cât de mult acid sulfuric? Păi cam cât cupru scoți din furnal. Turnul are 9 metri diametru la vârf, deci ceva sulf a trecut pe acolo.

Cât de mult?
40 mii de tone. Împărțit la 365... 109 tone pe zi!

Acel sulf nu se pierde, nu se câștigă ci îl regăsiți dvs prin pădurile, casele și în oamenii de pe o rază nu știu, o sută două trei de km?

Bine mai vedem o chestie aici pe care n-am știut-o sau ignorat-o. Numai acel combinat producea 12 tone de aur pe an. Pe vremea lui Horia Simu sau în 2007 producea 70000 tone de cupru, deci prin regula de trei simplă, 20 de tone de aur pe an. Rezerva de aur a României este de 100 de tone fiindcă domnul Isărescu e superstițios.

Dar asta nu-i tot. Minereurile normal așa cu a fost făcută Terra nu sunt pure ci conțin o mie de alți compuși, pe lângă cei arătați în reacție. Odată cu fumul în atmosferă zboară și aerosoli în mare parte minerali metalici. Ca să zboare trebuie să fie foarte ușori deci mici, de ordinul nanometrilor. Câteva molecule adică într-o particulă care sunt antrenați de gazele fierbinți și ies pe coș. Care sunt mult mai mici decât celulele. Când intră într-o celulă și celula ajunge să se dividă, rup cromozomii iar celulele noi ori mor (de cele mai multe ori) ori devin mutante. Odată făcută treaba într-o celulă ei migrează în alta și alta, adică se reciclează, creând în cel mai bun caz inflamație și în cel mai prost, cancer. Nici un filtru nu poate filtra aerosoli nanometrici.

Coșmarul sau dezastrul ecologic însă nu s-a oprit odată cu oprirea combinatului și a folosirii turnului. Fum s-a depus pe partea superioară a turnului înăuntru și afară și acești aerosoli, care pot fi de ordinul, nu știu, 10 la 16 într-un mm cub de funingine vor fi spălați de vânt nu știu, o sută de ani de acum încolo. Nu mă pot abține aici să nu văd și coincidența între data de deschidere a fabricii inițiale de acid sulfuric în 1907 "La început a fost o fabrică de acid sulfuric, construită de doi oameni de afaceri Oscar si Artur Weiser. Se tot dezvoltă, iar în 1925 devine combinat" și fenomenul Tunguska care a avut loc în 1908.

Apropo de Turnul Eiffel și poluare. (Pentru a reveni la postare după ce vizitați un site dintr-un link folosiți butonul săgeată înapoi din stânga sus în browser sau deschideți link-ul în alt tab apăsând pe roata mouse-ului după care selectați tabul sus în browser cu mouse-ul).

https://www.google.com/search?q=How+much+paint+is+needed+to+paint+the+Eiffel+Tower

60 de tone de vopsea la 7 ani ca să-l țină ca nou. Nimeni nu se întreabă însă unde se duc 10 tone de vopsea pe an. "Blowing in the wind", cum ar spune Dylan.

Din ce-i făcută acea vopsea. De obicei vopselele sunt făcute dintr-un liant, care în trecut a fost ulei de in sau alte uleiuri, crecă la facerea turnului, iar acum polimeri, iar partea pigmentoasă ca să țină 7 ani depinde de culoare, de obicei din oxizi metalici ca de exemplu titan, fier, crom, etc.. Tot așa în suspensie și deci nanometrici. Ia uitați dvs. ce culori frumoase au oxizii metalici! https://www.google.com/search?q=what+is+paint+made+of

Toată lumea a auzit de Nikola Tesla. Savantul nebun care hrănea porumbei. S-a născut în 1856 în Croația, pe atunci imperiul Austro Ungar. A studiat la Graz, Austria, a lucrat la Budapesta și Paris după care s-a mutat în America. A inventat tot felul de chestii printre care motorul de curent alternativ și în general tot ce folosim noi azi pe bază de curent electric. Lui îi plăcea să se joace cu turnuri. Finanțat de J.P.Morgan al cărui nume încă îl mai regăsim în topul finanțelor de azi, el a construit un turn de numai 80 de metri undeva în statul New York, chiar în perioada când a avut loc fenomenul cunoscut nouă ca fenomenul Tunguska.

https://www.google.com/search?q=tesla+tunguska

Iată aici o poză cu Tesla înainte de moarte. În această poză seamănă foarte mult și pare să fie inspirația pentru o figură de alian folosită ca logo de producătorii primei serii Star Trek. Principalul protagonist din acea serie este actorul canadian de origine maghiară William Shatner.

De asemenea puțini știu însă cât de mult seamănă Tesla și cu scriitorul și actorul maghiar Rideg Sandor.

https://www.google.com/search?q=nikola+tesla&source=lnms&tbm=isch

https://www.google.com/search?q=Rideg+S%C3%A1ndor&source=lnms&tbm=isch
care a trăit în aceeași perioadă.

Friday, December 22, 2017

Hi, Hi, Hi

by Sir Paul and Linda McCartney


Well, When I Met You At The Station
You Were Standing With A Bootleg In Your Hand.
I Took You Back To My Little Place
For A Taste Of A Multicoloured Band.
We're Gonna Get Hi Hi Hi,
The Night Is Young.
She'll Be My Funky Little Mama,
Gonna Rock It And We've Only Just Begun.

We're Gonna Get Hi Hi Hi
With The Music On.
Won't Say Bye-Bye Bye-Bye Bye-Bye Bye-Bye
'Til The Night Is Gone.
I'm Gonna Do It To You, Gonna Do It,
Sweet Banana, You'll Never Give Up.
We're Gettin' Hi Hi Hi In The Midday Sun.

Well Well, Take Off Your Face,Recover From The Trip You've Been On.
I Want To Lie On The Bed,Get You Ready For My Polygon.
I'm Gonna Do It To You, Gonna Do It,
Sweet Banana, You've Never Been Done.
Yes, I Go Like A Rabbit, Gonna Grab It,
Gonna Do It 'Til The Night Is Done.


We're Gonna Get Hi Hi Hi With The Music On.
Won't Say Bye-Bye Bye-Bye Bye-Bye Bye-Bye
'Til The Night Is Gone.
I'm Gonna Do It To You, Gonna Do It,
Sweet Banana, You'll Never Give Up.
We're Gonna Get Hi Hi Hi, We're Gonna Get Hi Hi Hi,
We're Gonna Get Hi Hi Hi In The Midday Sun.

Tiny Dancer (lyrics)

by Sir Elton Hercules John aka Reginald Kenneth Dwight with lyrics (verses) by Bernard Taupin



Blue jean baby, L.A. lady, seamstress for the band
Pretty eyed, pirate smile, you'll marry a music man
Ballerina, you must have seen her dancing in the sand
And now she's in me, always with me, tiny dancer in my hand


Jesus freaks out in the street
Handing tickets out for God
Turning back she just laughs
The boulevard is not that bad



Piano man he makes his stand
In the auditorium
Looking on she sings the songs
The words she knows, the tune she hums


But oh how it feels so real
Lying here with no one near
Only you
and you can hear me
When I say softly, slowly


Hold me closer tiny dancer
Count the headlights on the highway
Lay me down in sheets of linen
You had a busy day today

Monday, December 18, 2017

About Kennedy's Assassination

I wrote extensively a few months ago, right after the subject was brought up i guess by President Trump right after the Las Vegas shooting either on fb or g+ but can't find it. Never been interested about before that, i was intrigued by the coincidences. I mean a shooter from above from a relatively long distance using a small gun, by snipers' standards.

Today things have refined in my mind by themselves, all i need to show my point of view is a picture and a phrase from NYT.

"No one’s recollection about the first shot was more precise, though, than that of a ninth grader named Amos L. Euins. He told the Dallas County sheriff, “About the time the car got near the black and white sign, I heard a shot.”"

Here is the picture with the sign, according to NYT. The picture was taken from shooter's location.

As anybody knows they were two more shots, meaning the sniper realized he missed the first and second time. He could not have not missed given he was shooting at a moving target perpendicularly to his aiming direction, at nearly maximum angular speed (the speed the sniper had to rotate his rifle to stay on target). As we can see from this Secret Service reenactment photo, the President's limousine was going towards a blind spot for the shooter. An actual Elm tree on Elm Street. It should have taken a while until he had another clear "shot" at his target. He could not shoot the second time immediately cause he also had to reload and re-aim. During that time after the vehicle has emerged from under the tree the angle had changed and the President should have had enough room and time to duck on the back seat and/or Secret Service agents to physically cover him which finally happened when he was "mortally wounded". Also angular speed was much slower, giving the shooter a better chance at aiming at a still moving target, but the distance was now in the hundreds of ft.

During this time we know from the film the speed of the limousine didn't change. Should the driver have stepped on the gas, it could have reached 50 by the time of the second shot making aiming impossible.

Should the driver have pressed the button to raise the top after the first shot it would have made it impossible for the sniper to aim and/or even divert the bullet.

Also noting the name coincidence between Lake Oswego where i used to live and Lee Oswald, also the strange color of puppet Elmo.

If Lee Harvey Oswald would have had a sister i think it would have been her.

Ok it makes perfect sense. He in a convertible aiming with a peaceful lovely zoom by the brand Nikon and she's eyeing the passing soldiers from left to right like Oswald did. Kennedy "was assassinated" in 63, Nikita Khrushchev was in charge in Soviet Union at the time. It's all in here. (There's a bit of a problem though cause Khruschev looks so much like... Hitchcock! )

or her?

At this point i have no other choice but to believe President's Kennedy Assassination was only fuel for the cold war.

But can't stop my mind from racing. Especially with all youtube suggestions on the screen. Going further on Anya Major keyword, i see her here sexy as hell throwing a hammer in a glass screen exactly when the guy said "we will prevail". Running between columns. The guy who speaks about big brother or JBM (JB Masons). Was anything ever done in recent history and media without embedding tons of symbolism in it?

Is that what they are trying to suggest? Apple was a commie idea? Better stick with the big brothers?

No i think it was more like the over confident big brothers provided the rainbow Apple and the insanely sexy commies are penetrating through the JB columns trying to stop it by throwing hammers and stuff at it.

However i could not put an end to this post here. I was actually following the connection with the keyword Major, that suggest of course military but also is an adjective probably mostly used when to magnify a danger (major problem). So i tried to look at Oswald's rank in the military by reading his Wikipedia page. After so many years spent in Japan he wold only get to be private, after being demoted from private first class "for firing his rifle in the jungle".

It was there where he apparently radicalized and started to learn Russian "In November 1958, Oswald transferred back to El Toro [from Japan] where his unit's function "was to serveil [sic] for aircraft, but basically to train both enlisted men and officers for later assignment overseas." An officer there said that Oswald was a "very competent" crew chief and was "brighter than most people." In February 25, 1959 he was invited to take a Marine proficiency exam in written and spoken Russian." Many of the characterizations about him before military or moving to Russia show him as brilliant, and after. mostly as rude.

So i got to read most of his Wikipedia page though in a big hurry. I believe there are so many discrepancies in there i could spend hours, days, weeks and who know how longer to analyse and point. However this is not on my list of intentions. So i will refrain to mentioning only the creation of a special investigative body by the President to investigate the shooting which though motivated emotionally, juridically is a breach of US Constitution that states the United States is basically a state based on the separation of powers. They were enough local and federal authorities that could have handled this in the appropriate manner though at the initial time they screwed badly (the suspect died while in Police custody). Creation of a special investigative body also raises suspicion of political mixture in the affair. Also technically or better said juridically, by tradition or precedence any Presidential order need be done only through delegation of legislative power by the Congress. The orders also have to be reviewed later by them.

As for the investigation itself i would not try and bore those who read this but instead mention one point only. One phrase from main witness's testimony, or the one who actually said he saw Oswald shooting the President.

"Well, as it appeared to me he was standing up and resting against the left window sill, with gun shouldered to his right shoulder, holding the gun with his left hand and taking positive aim and fired his last shot."

From the numerous pictures that constantly multiply on the web about the subject it is clearly understood that the window's sill would be to low for someone standing to rest against. Here is a picture from a site that actually show the room as now being a museum

Here is also the main picture from the wikipedia page of Marina Oswald, Lee's Russian wife, Note here that her maiden last name, Prusakova, suggest German origin as her middle name, well i already wrote above about it.

Here is a picture of my own with similarities of the theme taken at the 2014 UFO Festival in McMinville, Oregon, there was a very inviting scene i could not resist and took a shot.

And one from where he lived

Here is one of the numerous Windows logos. Can anybody tell me what they see on the left side, especially after clicking to enlarge?

It's towards yellow when compared to the other buildings. Yellow at the time of the shooting was another word for coward like cool is today for nice.

Dogs of society usually howl in Marxists' (tried with a small M and got underlined with red by Chrome) stories about the rich. Didn't sign up with you but with you know who. This boy is too young to be singing the blues, he instead should be singing the reds. When you're gonna come down, maybe you'll get a replacement, [it's ok], there's plenty like me to be found, mongrels without a penny sniping for tidbits like you on the ground. As for hunting the horny back toad, pretty self explanatory!

Sir Elton Hercules John's "real" name is Reginald Kenneth Dwight born in 1947. Dwight Eisenhower was President of the United States before Kennedy. https://www.google.com/search?q=ike+is+for+dwight Are these four guys below at the start of an excursion in metaphysics?

Point, valid

Despre Pacepa

14 decembrie 2011. 546 de postări de blog. Exact când am ajuns la concluzia că trebuia să scriu mai mult aici decât pe media socială. Pe media socială tentația e mare. Vezi ceva, scrii imediat, fără multe pretenții. Am multe mii de postări atât pe fb cât și pe g+. Problema mare e că nu le pot accesa pe ani, luni, nu are fiecare un titlu, nu au etichete și căutările sunt foarte dificile.

De aceea mi-e greu să spun de exemplu dacă "Patrichi" a murit nu mult după ce am scris că seamănă mult cu Pacepa.

La 4 decembrie 2014 am scos prima listă cu posibile asemănări între actori și politicieni. Pe atunci nu aveam nici o idee unde am să ajung cu aceste liste. Între timp am câștigat multă experiență în a compara fețe și găsi asemănări. Din ce în ce mai multe fotografii puse pe net de diverși au ajutat.

Sunt foarte puține poze cu Pacepa și e greu de dovedit dincolo de orice dubiu. Cel mult probabilități. Dar e o ipoteză care ar trebui luată tot mai mult în calcul la fel cum ne aplecăm urechile la toate tâmpeniile spuse la televizor și în media (principală sau socială).




Cu posibilitățile foarte limitate de tehnoredactare ale lui blogger, oferit gratuit de google nu pot să aranjez pozele mai bine decât atât. Cei care prives la aceste poze trebuie să țină cont și de faptul că urechile și nasul cresc la bătrânețe.

Se spune că o poză e o mie de cuvinte, iată aici o altă fotografia extraordinar de interesantă, cea a lui Károly Kirally, un demnitar comunist de origine maghiară, care a ocupat mai multe funcții în statul român comunist. În vara lui 72 el era într-o mașină cu Maurer când au avut un accident. Ceaușescu a a venit imediat însă Maurer a vrut să rămână să fie tratat la Târgu Mureș unde se pare că a avut 13 operații. La 2 ani după, în 74, Maurer s-a retras din funcții pe motiv medical, cam în același timp cu moartea lui Bodnăraș în 1976. Maurer a fost un atlet (mergea 10 km pe zi pe jos în parc) și putea să bea un litru de coniac și a trăit până după 1990. Se poate vedea în această fotografie din 2015 că el la 85 de ani arăta foarte bine pentru un tip care a fost torturat, după cum spune Pacepa în cartea sa Orizonturi Roșii.

Exista la Fabrica de Mobilă din Câmpulung un tip în acea perioadă și mult mai înainte, șef la atelierul mecanic, Chiraș, care semăna foarte mult cu Károly Király. Károly Király printre altele a fost și directorul Combinatului de Mobilă din Târgu Mureș. În 89 a stat de vorbă cu Gorbaciov în timpul vizitei sale în România. În 90 a fost vicepreședinte CPUN.

În spatele Fabricii de Mobilă și lângă Fabrica de Conserve Lactate sau Lapte Praf cum i se mai spunea în Câmpulung, care erau pe partea cealaltă a străzii 7 Noiembre, acum Calea Trasnilvaniei, era un mic aeroport iar la ora 6, 2 și 10 seara sirena de schimb de acolo făcea atât de mult zgomot pentru minute în șir încât un avion care ar fi zburat printre munți prin valea râulului Moldova ar fi putut ateriza sau decola fără să fie observat.

Bodnăraș la rândul lui avea un frate și o vilă în Câmpulung, și chiar niște rude sărace, cu care m-am împrietenit în timpul școlii. La Școala Generală Nr.1 din Câmpulung. Dar pe strada unde locuiam, la numărul 235, peste drum de fabrica de mobilă aveam un vecin, scund, care arăta sărac și lucra undeva, poate la mină și venea rar pe acasă care semăna cu el.

În clasele VII-VIII când ne-am mutat în clădirea nouă a școlii, vizavi de Filatură, un km mai la est, am avut o profesoară de matematică și dirigintă care semăna mult cu... Elisabeth Taylor. Directorul școlii însuși semăna cu un și regizor actor austriac, care a jucat în filmul Sissy (despre ultimul împărat al Austriei). Învățătoarea din I - IV semăna mult cu Claudia Cardinale. Eilsabeth Taylor în perioada aceea era în Italia și a făcut un film care poate concura la titlul cel mai prost din lume. La școală era tot timpul cu o carte în față și citea de acolo.

Singurul român de care știu sigur că e fluent în engleză e Tismăneanu. Am văzut video-uri cu el la conferințe. Deși vorbește cu accent serios, vorbește engleza corect cu doar mici schimbări de topică specific românească pe ici pe colo. Probabil și fiindcă e profesor de politologie de atâția ani și le vorbește studenților. Eu după 6 ani de blogărit în engleză mă întorc acum la primele postări și le corectez, datorită experienței acumulate. Dar acum e internetul, spellcheck, dicționare online care te ajută foarte mult, etc.

Mă miră însă foarte mult cartea Orizonturi Roșii a lui Pacepa. Un om care a stat numai în România, poate a participat la conversații cu lideri mondiali și omologi. În 87, la zece ani după ce a "fugit". Posibil. Dar cu scrisul e mai greu. Trebuie să știi engleza serios, gramatică, topică, cuvintele se scriu altfel decât se pronunță. Sunt convins că l-a ajutat cineva. Știu că la cartea Dezinformare (Disinformation) l-a avut coautor pe Ronald Rychlak, un profesor de științe juridice (law school teacher) care este a scris și o carte despre dretpul jocurilor de noroc (gaming law) și în general despre cazinouri. De asemenea Rychlak a comentat mult despre cartea lui Pacepa și îl cunoaște. Ieri mă gândeam să încerc să-l contactez.


https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C3%A1roly_Kir%C3%A1ly

https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ion_Gheorghe_Maurer

https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emil_Bodn%C4%83ra%C8%99

http://georgesblogforfriends.blogspot.com/2012/07/c-i-s-v.html

https://www.google.com/search?q=Ronald+J.+Rychlak+pacepa

Câți pensionari sunt în România?

Legea bugetului pe 2018 se află în proces legislativ în Parlament.

Iată lista de pe site-ul camerei deputaților cu procesele legislative din 2017

http://www.cdep.ro/pls/proiecte/upl_pck2015.lista?cam=2&anp=2017

La numărul 567 avem

567. PL-x 567/07.12.2017 Proiectul Legii bugetului de stat pe anul 2018 pe ordinea de zi

În cadrul acestui proces legislativ este un link la Anexa 1. La Anexa 1 este un pdf

http://www.cdep.ro/proiecte/2017/500/60/7/ax1.pdf

La pagina 3 a acestui pdf există un indicator care se numește CONTRIBUȚIILE ANGAJATORILOR cu o sumă de 535.442 pentru 2017. Această sumă, ca urmare a noilor legi fiscale, este prevăzută să crească în 2018 la 2.164.204. Sumă care nu corespunde nici pe departe cu necesarul arătat mai jos la Casa Națională Pensii, de peste 57 de miliarde de lei. De fapt toate cifrele nu concordă, între ele sau cu bugetul CNPP arătat într-un link mai jos.

În pagina 21 a acestui pdf există un indicator care se numește Pensii și ajutoare bătrânețe. Nu se specifică dacă aceste sume sunt finanțare sau subvenție. Aceste cifre nu concordă cu cele ale bugetului CNPP arătat mai jos sau chiar cu cele ale contribuțiilor însumate ale angajaților și angajatorilor.

Pe site-ul Casei Naționale de Pensii Publice există un link la bugetul lor. Pentru 2017 și 2016. https://www.cnpp.ro/en/buget-bass Link-ul conduce la descărcarea unui fișier excel în calculator, fără nici o altă întrebare. Am încărcat acest fișier pe Google Sheets. Iată link-ul

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/e/2PACX-1vT2l6-pp1T50olzDiOz22FlDQwZmwDCwtQT4NhAqnhf1SULFCCQ0PtmVr8jMxcU-Rjhm3E3a238Ng55/pubhtml

La indicatorul SUBVENTII DE LA BUGETUL DE STAT avem o sumă 13,599,093 lei.

La indicatorul Venituri sistem public de pensii avem o sumă de 57,605,342 de lei.


De unde aceaste neconcordanțe? De ce avem acest indicator în bugetul de stat Contribuții ale angajatorilor pentru bugetul de stat?

Este Casa Națională de Pensii Publice complet autonomă iar veniturile și cheltuielile ei nu intră la Bugetul de Stat, și numai subvențiile către CNPP sunt raportate la Bugetul de Stat iar angajatorii plătesc o contribuție separată la Bugetul de Stat care să compenseze parțial subvențiile și restul direct la CNPP? Dar dacă la Bugetul de Stat Indicatorul Pensii și ajutoare de bătrânețe reprezintă o subvenție, de ce nu este numită subvenție și de ce nu este egală cu suma primita de CNPP?

Sau poate bugetul CNPP este complet fals și singura sumă plătită pensionarilor în 2017 a fost cea de la bugetul de stat, de 18.668.518 de lei, care nu se poate falsifica, ce corespunde la o pensie medie de 900 de lei unui număr de sub 1 milion de pensionari?

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Faptele Regilor





Ciudățenii:

"La vârsta de 3-4 ani conducea pe aleile Palatului Cotroceni o maşinuţă electrică, iar bunica sa, Regina Maria, notează în jurnal că Mihai făcea un zgomot asurzitor". Am găsit pe alte site-uri, e vorba de mașina care făcea zgomot asurzitor, nu de el. Mașinile electrice nu fac zgomot decât dacă sunt defecte. "Regina Maria, care scrie că mașina făcea un „zgomot asurzitor” Ok poate ea vorbea despre claxonul acelei mașinuțe.
http://stirileprotv.ro/stiri/actualitate/detaliile-mai-puc-in-cunoscute-ale-viac-ii-regelui-mihai.html

"Prima guvernantă a Principesei Ana s-a numit Madame Boutellier, o învăţătoare din Italia, oraşul Viareggio, unde principesa a locuit cu părinții ei în perioada crizei financiare"

"La vârsta de doisprezece ani, Principesa Ana a urmat la Paris, cu mare plăcere, cursuri de scrimă.

De la 16 la 18 ani (1939-1941), Regina Ana a urmat o şcoală de Arte Frumoase la New York şi, în paralel, a lucrat la magazinul universal Macy’s, pentru a-şi câştiga existența."

Prima guvernantă, au mai fost deci altele. Cursuri de scmrimă la Paris și lucrat la Macy, unde astăzi de exemplu dacă nu ești manager lucrezi cu salariul minim. Poate a fost manageră dar nu cred fiindcă dacă mergea la școală nu putea lucra decât part time și oricum era mult prea tânără să fi fost manager. Ce logică are să-ți câștigi existența dacă ai avut mai multe guvernante și ai luat cursuri de scrimă la Paris?

"Regina a urmat la New York în anii 1941 și 1942 cursurile Parson Schol of Art, unde a studiat ştiinţa promovării comerciale." School în engleză se scrie cu doi de o. Ce chestie, să înveți o știință la o școală de arte.

"La 19 ani [1923 + 19 = 1942-1943], Principesa Ana a cerut permisiunea mamei sale să se înroleze în războiul antinazist. Mama și-a dat acordul. Tatăl Anei, Principele René, și frații ei, Principii Jacques, Michel și André, erau deja înrolați și luptau în diverse unități militare franceze. Ana a mers pe frontul african, apoi european şi în fine german, în cadrul Armatei Franceze.

În 1943, Principesa Ana s-a înrolat în Forţele Franceze Libere, a traversat Atlanticul în luna septembrie şi a făcut studii de infirmieră la Casablanca, apoi la Rabat, în Maroc."

Războiul în Africa a durat până în mai 1943. "Frontul european" a început cu debarcarea americanilor în Franța în iunie 1944. Prințesa Ana de Bourbon Parma a ajuns în Maroc în septembrie 1943. Deci nu putea să fi mers "pe frontul african". Cel mult a stat acolo la școala de infirmiere până cel mai devreme iunie 1944.

"The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_African_Campaign

Și totuși la fapta 13 a Regelui Mihai este scris. "Regele Mihai, în sala de cinema a Palatului Regal, a văzut într-un reportaj de război din Maroc (1943), câteva secunde cu chipul Principesei Ana de Bourbon Parma, care lucra ca infirmieră pe front."

"Reginei Ana i-au plăcut întotdeauna Jeep-urile, pe care le-a cunoscut îndeaproape ca ofiţer de legătură al Armatei Franceze Libere". Dar școala de ofițeri când a făcut-o, tot în Maroc?

"Singura perioadă, în cei 68 de ani de căsătorie, în care Regina Ana a stat despărțită de mai multe ori câteva săptămâni de Regele Mihai, soţul Reginei Ana, a fost în cei nouă ani în care Regele a lucrat ca broker autorizat la Bursa din New York."

Păcat că nu se scrie în ce perioadă a fost broker, căci s-ar putea căuta. De asemenea 9 ani este o pauză foarte mare pentru o familie cu 5 copii.

"Regele şi Regina şi-au reînnoit jurămintele conjugale la Monaco, în anul 1966, în cadrul unei ceremonii religioase catolice. Acela a fost momentul în care Regina Ana a fost reprimită în sânul Bisericii Catolice, căreia i-a aparținut întreaga viaţă." Un punct comun cu tatăl său Carol II ale cărui soții Zizi Lambrino și Elena Lupescu au fost catolice. Cum să fii reprimit acolo unde ai aparținut?

"La 22 de ani, în vara anului 1945, Regina Ana s-a întors la viaţa civilă, decorată cu Crucea de Război a Republicii Franceze şi avansată la gradul de locotenent în Armata Franței."

Și totuși este scris la fapta 17 a Regine Maria (implicit) că ea a fost ofițer de legătură a armatei Franceze Libere și asta înainte de a fi fost avansată la gradul de locotenent, după terminarea războiului când Armata Franceză a revenit la titlul de Armată Franceză?

La fapta 24 a Reginei Maria este scris. "niciuna dintre rudele sale catolice nu a luat parte la căsătorie." Așa că nici una din ele, reală sau nu, nu poate fi văzută în poze.

Fapta 32 "La 28 februarie 1953 s-a născut a treia fiică a Reginei Ana, Irina. Aceasta nu face parte din linia de succesiune la Coroana României."

Eu am impresia că Irina este singura fiică biologică a fostului Rege, fiindcă seamănă. Și fiindcă a fost arestată în Oregon. http://www.oregonlive.com/pacific-northwest-news/index.ssf/2013/08/romanian_princess_oregon_husba.html

"Prietenii cei mai apropiaţi ai Reginei au fost câinii de companie crescuţi de-a lungul vremii. Ultima pereche de căţei, care a locuit în casa din Elveţia, au fost Bianco şi Bambi, din rasa Chihuahua." Nici un prieten uman?

Regele Mihai, Fapta 85. "Căsătorindu-se cu o persoană de rit catolic, Regele Mihai nu ar fi putut accede la Coroana Britanică, deşi ascendenţii şi descendenţii săi s-ar afla şi în linia de succesiune britanică."

Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Non Human World Leader

First, a fake humanity declaration.

"The Humanity Declaration (人間宣言 Ningen-sengen) is an imperial rescript issued by the Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito) as part of a New Year’s statement on 1 January 1946 at the request of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers. In the rescript, which follows the Five Charter Oath of 1868, the Emperor denied the concept of his being a living god, which would eventually lead to the promulgation of the new Constitution, under which the Emperor is "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people"."[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanity_Declaration

"However, the meaning of the exact contents – delivered in stilted, archaic court Japanese – has been the subject of much debate. In particular, for the phrase officially translated into English as "the false conception that the Emperor is divine", the unusual phrase akitsumikami (現御神) was used instead of the common word arahitogami (現人神, "living god"). While usually glossed as "divinity" in English, some Western commentators, such as John W. Dower and Herbert P. Bix, have argued that this means "manifest kami" (or more loosely "incarnation of a god"), and the Emperor could still be an arahitogami even if he is not an akitsumikami."

Second, the physical resemblance of the Emperor Hirohito with pharaoh Khufu and the name which seems Asian.

Khufu is responsible for building the first and greatest of the Egyptian pyramids, a technical marvel of the stone age, of which functionality remains mostly unexplained to this day. Could it had been built using alien knowledge and its functionality include creating earthquakes and mega-lightning everywhere on Earth, global surveillance and communications, others and its first possible use was during the great war described in Mahabharata, which is dated about the same period the Great Pyramid was built?

Could it be the genealogical line of the emperors of Japan draw from aliens that landed on Earth millennia ago in a little ship, with little means but great knowledge and they had to make use of whatever materials and beings they got on hand?






Twin Towers Fall II

While checking the spelling on the title i remembered something. The strange connection between the title and logo of the series, Twin Peaks, and Oregon License plate. They say one picture equals one thousands words so i will make this post mostly of pictures.
There are many pictures of debris of WTC. The following are from forums, could not find the original sites, so i will just put them here. (I thing things are too important for everybody and too public for any fuss about copyright).

This one taken during construction says eveyrthing on how the towers were built. These are the structural outer beams made of HSS (Hollow Structural Steel) which basically is a square cross section empty in the middle made of rolled and welded carbon steel. There are some holes though kinda big to my opinion allowing workers to insert bolts and nuts and tools to tighten them.
This is from another site showing the type of joint between vertical beams. This type of joint can take a lot of pure vertical compression load, in fact as much as the beam itself. However, if the two beams are pulled from each other or pried, like in the case of wind bending the building and elongating it at one side, the maximum load is the one the 4 bolts can take.
There are numerous pictures on the web showing bolt failure at WTC. The bolts used at WTC where high strength hardened steel that could have been severely affected by heat. Also the ones that are not affected by the heat being hardened through quenching are more brittle than normal bolts. "ASTM A325 [note the symbolism] is an ASTM International standard for heavy hex structural bolts, titled Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength. It defines mechanical properties for bolts that range from  1⁄2 to 1- 1⁄2in diameter." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASTM_A325

Heat treated. That basically means quenching followed by tempering. Quenching steel makes it harder but more brittle. In place if heated, looses some of the strength and becomes more ductile or easy to bend. The fracture of the bolt shown in this picture here is not brittle but ductile, showing some flow of the material before breaking).
If an image can say a thousand words, how about a video? Only trouble with videos is they have commentators who speak and sometimes get emotional and there is a background sound that is also highly emotional. However i will put here the link to a couple of starting point within the same video. My suggestion is not to watch more than a few seconds cause cause most if is not real information but real emotional garbage.

https://youtu.be/3S5ohCX9JI8?t=12m55s

https://youtu.be/3S5ohCX9JI8?t=14m19s

There are few pictures of the immediate post impact area of the towers. Some of them are on false conspiracy theory sites. However i need to put the pictures which are real here to explain something.

I never knew until now the outer beams were wrapped in aluminum cladding which is a health problem in itself.

This picture shows some of the beams (not cladding) broken or dislocated from their joints (bolts broken) right at the time of impact. Most of the plane made of thin aluminum sheet was actually shredded by the heavy steel beams and most of it and a part of the fuel went inside. This part of weakened structure was the starting point of collapse of the tower.

If the beams were fewer and bigger with the same total load capability the plane would have still gotten inside but the beams would have resisted. But that was not possible with this type of design where all the weight of the building was supported by continuous outer vertical beams. The beams were in the same number at the top and bottom of the building but at lower level they had put thicker beams because of accumulated weight. Fewer beams were not possible at the bottom because they probably could not find any bigger.
These two pictures show many structural beams broken right after impact at one side of the tower. Those alone would have been almost enough to make the tower tilt above this level and fall. As for the comment embedded in the picture. It was possible. It is in the picture. The plane didn't cut through the beams. The beams were bent and dislocated out of the joints more like from the pressure of the shredding of the plane. The cut circled in the image is in the soft aluminum cladding. You can see in the left side of the pictures some beams that seem dislocated by tree like the bolts were broken and the cladding on top broken on a line along the joints (of the cladding).
I think the tower structure broke at impact in the same points where it was assembled that is at the bolted joints of prefabricated components made of three beams each and three cross-plates or brackets that were again assembled by bolts.

At this point the claim "the towers were designed to withstand the impact of a jetliner" does not stand anymore. Important damage seen here right after impact may seem only superficial but these were some of the beams holding the weight of the building. Once a percentage of the beams where damaged at a location the tube design which is strong only as a whole would not behave anymore like a tube but more like pieces of metal held together by bolts.

Finally the picture of a truss that holds the floor. They were trusses connecting each beam of the outer core with a horizontal one of the inner. Once the outer beams are missing or bent, the truss that was held by only by two bolts with the beam will fall together with the concrete. If one floor falls, they will make all the others fall.
In the following picture you may see how fragile the connection between floors and structural beams are. The structural beams of the faces of the tower where not connected to each other horizontally by structural beams like in more "classic designs" making this type of tower look like a cage! If the structural vertical beams where to bend and brake like they did when they were impacted by a jetliner, they could not possibly be held together by the non-structural horizontal trusses. First consequence would be the floor will fall. Once one floor has fallen, only partially, the shock-wave of the falling massive concrete floor (not seen yet poured in this picture) hitting the concrete floor under will break enough of the bolts holding the structural beams together around that floor for the whole building to start collapsing and this again can happen only at this type of design with missing horizontal structural beams.
In a way the tower stood like a giant cage with nothing connecting the oposite sides. Only heavy concrete floors hanging loose on the opsosite sides (not yet present in the pictures). The fallen concrete floor account for the huge amounts of dust spread all around New York.

Hat trusses. Hat trusses stood on top of the building and judging by their size compared to columns they were structural. It was the only structural connection between the core and outer columns both structural preventing, well, the core not to... lean on a side!. The core was a tower within itself and could sustain a bit less than half the weight of all concrete floors. But was it a stand alone tower? It couldn't have been cause it was too thin for the height and would have swayed. Could sustain vertical but not horizontal loads. These hat trusses account for the rigidity of the whole structure and wind resistance. Also the floor trusses played a role in sway proofing the building especially the independent sway of the sides. We get to the point where non-structural elements play a role in the structural stability and this where the economy plays a part. The tower was built with half of the steel necessary for the same building designed "classically".
Sway is a well known design probelm of tall and thin structures. Allthough the calculated cross-section and material strength can withstand the vertical load they can collapse because of instability of being so thin and bend like a bow before the prying action of a beam bolted to the next one would break the bolts.

Here is described how a tower made of beams can sway and they actually all do only at a small tolerable and manageable scale. In our case without the non-structural floor trusses the very tall and thin core tower or tower within tower would have swayed at the middle pretty much like a bow under the enormous weight of the concrete and collapsed. The floor trusses where also also to controll sway of the central core.
Many people still ask themselves why the towers never fell on a side. Simply because they were too fragile to even lean especially after been severely weakened on one side.

From this picture is clearer. Fire or not tower could not have stood long after almost 1/3 of the structural beams on impact side (Number 100-200) at several floors were damaged or compromised. That is about 10% of total.
http://ws680.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=30059

"The core was a conventionally framed structure, albeit with massive columns, that primarily carried gravity loads (the majority of the floor system, as well as the elevators and HVAC system)"

It couldn't carry the load for the majority of the floor system cause at one end of the trusses were laying on the central core and the other on the outer "structure". So it was half. Right now it's a mystery to me where the trusses at the four corners where leaning on the other end from the outer beams.

Ok i solved that one. The trusses at corners where hanging on other trusses! (those themselves were hanging half on central core and half on outer columns, so that gives in total more load on outer). But here is one that seems of light design or the same design that seem to hold 4 others at that corner! The one with many purple dots. That beam holds several times more floor weight than others. It's easy to imagine what would happen if that one failed. Also. That truss loads the corresponding outer beam several times more then those around, breaking the whole symmetry of equally loading the outer tube.

And i think it was hanging in a damaged area of the outer beams. I think - no, i bet - that's the point where the tower started to collapse, the connection of the overloaded by design truss with the outer tube.
Yeah i just checked. The plane impacted in the area with the short trusses damaging that critical truss and at several floors at once many others on one side. At that moment the rest of the standing trusses started to bend and it was a matter of time until the floor fell. It took the accumulation of the energy of the falling of several compromised floors to start break the any others under that where structurally intact.

Either the shock wave from the impact made all the bolts of the outer beams pop or the tube was dilating a bit because of the pressure of the concrete actually exploding when hitting each other that was dilating the outer tube at each floor leaving the hanging trusses with no support or maybe a combination of both. Again the floor trusses which could play a structural role in sway proofing could not fully take a structural overload which should always taken into account during design because of earthquakes.
Could the "terrorists" know the weakest point of the floor and also steer the plane with such precision so it would hit exactly there?

One more thing. This is the kanji symbol for star.
And this one's for ninja.


And the symbol for kuji-kiri.

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Hardening and Softening of Metals

All along the walk on the Greenway trail couldn't wait to come back to write about it. Though it is taught only in colleges that have something to do with manufacturing, including machine tools manufacturing, i think it should be part of mainstream general minimal knowledge.

Theoretically it should have been a nice walk but it was yet another one from hell. Just before i left i checked under the hood. About six months ago i closed with the soldering iron a crack in the nylon part of the radiator and a few days ago i smelled again the smell of coolant (That truck did that for most of its life, once i was fixing something something else was popping). The crack opened again and there was coolant by it. At the trail itself there was some sort of fireplace smoke in the air that also had a chemical component. For that to happen somebody must burn a piece of plastic in a cold fireplace. And before checking under the hood when i got outside i smelled some solvent. Here at this complex like in the other before and the other before there was always some major remodeling/fixing work to be done at one apartment nearby and today was no exception. Also. All morning since woke up like always there was a continuous roar of modified exhaust cars taking turns in vibrating my whole universe and spine to the point i got sick to the stomach. It has always been like that but i started to become more aware after i got rid of the last colita at the door and had not seen yet another after a week or so. Among others a guy dressed in neon green and blue, reminding me of the failure with the (winter, cold) blue-green tablet of denture cleaning detergent in the blue denture box.

So i opened Wikipedia for this one. Wow. Incogniscible. Far away from the mainstream eye this definition at the beginning of the article transcends my power of understanding though i studied it a lot in college and i got it re-freshenning after the previous post about WTC disaster.

But couldn't i just find something on the web close to my my current perception so i don't have to re-invent the wheel write right now in this afternoon?

No luck there. I wanted to find something that puts together both hardening through cold laminating and thermal treatment. Ok let's bring on the definition of metal, metal structure and start with the basics.

All people know in nature we have crystals. They find them in mines. Diamonds, rubies, quartz, amber. Just kidding. Amber is not a crystal. Amber is raisin from a tree that have fossilized. Polymeric. Amorphous. The opposite of crystal.

A crystal is a symmetric, repetitive arrangement of atoms in a pure substance upon cooling and solidifying. In a way is like a bigger 3d molecule because nearby crystals stick together by electric forces as well. Crystals come in a variety of shapes but most common and most interesting crystallizing systems are the cubic ones. It's the system in which diamond, ruby and iron crystallize. Didn't know metals are crystalline substances? They are, in a way. In another they are not due to fact that continuous crystals in metals are very small, confined to micron size grain-like crystals. Metals are thus hybrid crystalline-amorphous substances. Luckily there is a site on the web that allows us to see interactive 3d intuitive images of some crystallizing systems. Mono crystals or single crystals including two purely theoretic fcc (face cubic center) and bcc (body cubic center) are present in this website's archive. (Drag with the mouse to rotate).



Best way to figure crystal grains in metals is to look at a fracture. Here is a fracture of a piece of of steel increased 1000 times under microscope.
But what in the world makes metal crystallize in small grains and not in big crystals like other substances, like by example silicon dioxide which is grown in single crystals the size of an elephant's leg in wafer manufacturing facilities?

In my opinion there are two causes. One is thermal conductivity of metals. Unlike silicon dioxide, when cooling a metal there is enough time for the temperature change to diffuse in the whole or large contiguous volumes of metal for crystals to start growing simultaneously in all volume. Thus crystallization starts at many points at once and crystals stop growing when they bump into each other. This is being aided by the impurities. Real metal contains a number of impurities that may solidify first that act like seeds for growing the small grain.

Hardness in any substance is given by the symmetry of arrangement of atoms. The more symmetric, or the the closer to an average distances between atoms are the stronger that material or harder to find a weak point or area with larger distances that may initiate a fracture.
Intracrystalline hardness or hardness of crystals themselves is very easy to explain and it pertains to the crystallizing system. Both fcc and bcc give strong materials because of symmetry of arrangements but bcc is stronger because is more symmetric. Steel by example which is actually an alloy of iron and cementite (a chemical combination of iron and carbon) depending upon temperature crystallizes in both forms, being bcc under some 912 Celsius and fcc above, where it is heated to be easily forged or rolled because is softer but with some volume differences due to rearrangement in different size and shapes of crystals upon cooling (not talking about thermal deformation or dilation or contraction within the same crystallizing systems which is a different process of its own and it actually adds up to a total difference of size upon cooling), whic means if we process iron steel above that temperature in fcc state the cooled resulting shape and size in bcc state will be slightly smaller by two different causes, which needs to be taken both into account by manufacturers.

Intercrystalline hardness of metals is the total hardness or what we perceive as hardness of a metal and usually is less than that of crystals themselves. Metallic bonds, electric forces that hold together the atoms in mono-crystals and crystals or grains are the same forces responsible for holding the grains together though arrangement of atoms at the border of the grains is less than the ideal one inside crystals, or with different distribution of distances, other than close to average inside crystals.

Elasticity is the property of any crystal, metallic or ionic, to give in or to change shape within certain limits when a force is applied and atoms pulled apart or pushed into each other are still left in the same arrangement and then fully recover, that is the deformation is completely reversed upon cessation of the force. This is characteristic to pure crystals like diamonds.

Any pure non metallic (ionic) crystal will deform after a force is being applied and get back in the exactly same unchanged initial shape with any change of properties if the force is being ceased before fracture and will break after a certain limit, without a permanent deformation left (the two fractured parts are still the exact sum of the initial one). We say crystals are brittle.

Metals because of metallic bonds and the grain like structure and defects within grains due to impurities will permanently deform before fracture and if the deforming force is ceased before fracture they might be left deformed and functional and they can become part or of a working structure.

Upon deformation the grains will start moving onto each other and inside along defects and rearranging allowing the metal to basically flow before fracture which is both inter and intracrystaline. However the rearrangement will not be as neat as the initial puzzle anymore. Grain deformation means sliding of crystal planes inside in areas with defects which makes them harder to further deform by exhausting the possibilities but also closer to fracture. We say metals are plastic.

Due to this property many manufacturers use processes of shaping the metal through plastic deformation. Metals is deformed to known tolerated limits sometimes in several steps while becoming harder which can make the parts smaller and lighter basically with the same material. One of the processes is called cold rolling and is used to produce beams including those used in building of skyscrapers. Cold deformation always introduces some stress in metal with some volumes applying permanent forces to others. This stress makes the final products somehow prone to breakage in certain directions more than others when applying a load.

When metal parts like I or H beams is produced through hot rolling, which is done at a temperature above re-crystallization where metal flows without breakages they can be hardened through a different process, called quenching, which is controlling crystal growth through controlling the speed of cooling.

Also. It is known from experience the smaller the grains in a metal, the harder and brittle the metal and the properties are closer to those of crystals the grains are made of. That is because the smaller the grains, the harder to move them against each other cause the surface between them or bonding surface is bigger. (surface/volume ratio increases with decreasing volume) and also harder to initiate intracrystaline deformation because smaller crystals have fewer initial defects.

Grains in metal can permanently change size and quality (reducing the number of intracrystaline defects, increasing size) through annealing and decreasing size through quenching, processes called by metallurgists thermal treatments.

Annealing is a thermal treatment that is used to decrease hardness and reduce stress in metals, sometimes after plastic deformation used in fabrication of different shapes of steel and has three stages. Annealing can be done at temperatures way below melting or fcc/bcc transition in steel.

"The temperature range for process annealing ranges from 260 °C (500 °F) to 760 °C (1400 °F), depending on the alloy in question."

"if annealing is allowed to continue once recrystallization has completed, then grain growth (the third stage) occurs. In grain growth, the microstructure starts to coarsen and may cause the metal to lose a substantial part of its original strength. This can however be regained with hardening."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annealing_(metallurgy)#Stages

We also know from experience the faster we cool a metal the smaller the grains. Temperature dropping suddenly in a volume or at the surface only will initiate many new solidifying points or grain seeds reducing final grain size. Blacksmiths call this quenching and they do it by immersing a piece of steel in water for a certain amount of time. It is done after achieving the phase of re-growth of incomplete annealing. Blacksmiths in the past knew the temperature of the hot metal and when to do this bu the shade and intensity of the color of the hot red metal and other signs.

Quenching is a form of hardening the steel through thermal treatment rather than plastic deformation. But not any steel will quench. You need a certain amount of carbon in the form of cementite in the steel for this to happen through initiating more grains. Cementite has a slightly higher melting point then iron and solidifies first. Being dispersed throughout the hot alloy, it will initiate many new crystals.

Iron processing was known since at least 2500 years ago in Northern Europe. Scandinavians are among the people who have a long tradition. There are infinite possibilities and ways to produce high quality steel parts and tools and they are still best at. Blacksmiths in Medieval Japan needed about 3 days of continuous firing of the smelting furnace just to produce the steel, the starting point for making samurai swords. The whole process that included folding and welding of the final product in many strata took about 6 months and the price for a sword was the equivalent of 1 million dollars in today's money. In the Middle East they were making the famous Damascus swords, which actually had a texture inside the metal and it is said they could cut the barrel of a gun.

With all these being said we can figure by now. A cheap steel beam with a low carbon content that will not quench can be produced through several stages of cold rolling, also increasing its strength through introduction of intra and inter crystalline deformation. The final product will have a strength higher than initial steel after slow cooling from being produced in liquid form. However if the final product is submitted to an annealing process will become as soft as the initial cast steel ingot before cold rolling.

I am pretty much convinced all these things are thought in the US as well. But they are so basic are oftenly overlooked by engineers who nowadays specialize in very narrow fields of manufacturing and neglect the greater picture. The few who however figure it out don't have a voice or the courage or the motivation to say it out loud.

Monday, November 20, 2017

Twin Towers Fall

As all hell broke loose today in the media, a myriad of subtle allusions that seem to top many things i've said, the clearest idea just came to mind. First, a question and an answer from Google.

"One World Trade Center and Two World Trade Center, commonly the Twin Towers, the idea of which was brought up by Minoru Yamasaki, were designed as framed tube structures, which provided tenants with open floor plans, uninterrupted by columns or walls. They were the main buildings of the World Trade Center."

And a link to a Google search. Surprisingly, most of the images are misleading, suggesting the load on the outer columns was minimal. They were some interior columns mainly for elevators and air shafts, taking maybe last than a quart of the load.
In a way is similar to the design of unibody cars which have no chassis but a frame made of sheet metal. There are advantages and disadvantages of cars without a chassis. I've once been hit from behind waiting in my truck at an intersection by a small but heavy Nissan Z built similarly to Porsches that is with a heavy chassis. Chassis hitting another chassis both with massive, steel bumpers made my mandible and bones in my spine move a bit from their normal positions which hurt for weeks after. Luckily though i had my foot pressing pretty hard on the break pedal when it happened and i was not pushed in traffic at that intersection. Also, minimal, almost invisible damage to both cars.
If i was in a unibody car, the frame would have bent and suffered damage while the shock would have been minimal.

As i said yesterday as i vaguely remembered reading it a long time ago, the WTC twin towers where designed by the American architect of Japanese descent Minoru Yamasaki in an innovative fashion for skyscrapers at that time. He was given the task after winning a contest against more famous architects. Today i checked and my memory was right.

Towers, instead of having massive columns inside, they were built more like a unibody car or wide bodied plane or most expressively said, like a can. All the resistance was at the outer walls, leaving
more freedom for floor plans.

How innovative this type of design was?

"Tube structures cut down costs, at the same time allow buildings to reach greater heights. Tube-frame construction was first used in the DeWitt-Chestnut Apartment Building, designed by Khan and completed in Chicago in 1963.[4] It was used soon after for the John Hancock Center and in the construction of the World Trade Center."

Among the requirements the towers should have withstood 80 mph winds and an impact of the biggest plane at the time. Probably like all the others.

But there is one difference between the previous and even following tubular structure design of tall building making the WTC design even more innovative. The size of the outer beams. On the same cross section, the load was divided on thinner, more numerous beams, 1 meter apart each. That made them more prone to breaking when the plane crashed through them and more vulnerable to heating by fire.

On September 11 2001 two planes full of kerosene after just taking off hit each tower.

What freedom means for floor plans? Lack of walls allows installing vast areas with cubicles which allowed the fuel from the shredded planes to soak the carpet and furniture and air go get in all the way to the core to feed the fires where about 1/4 of the vertical load of the building lays upon.
Kerosene is a type of fuel that comes out of the distilling process of oil at a temperature between gasoline and diesel. Lighter than diesel fuel, it has more carbon or more energy packed per gallon than gasoline.


Here is a diagram out of the web of continuous oil distillation process.

Heated oil is pumped continuously inside the column and fuels separate by weight and come out continuously from those pipes. The temperature inside the distillation column is higher at the bottom and lower at top to keep the heavier fractions flowing. The fuel fractions separate by weight of the fraction, the more hydrogen and less carbon content of each hydrocarbon fuel fraction distilled, the higher in the distillation tower.

I brought this up because burning carbon gives you more energy per each individual molecules combined than hydrogen. The heavier the fuel, also the more energy per weight it packs. From this point of view kerosene is close to diesel, that is a more energy carrying fuel than gasoline.

I has been speculated a lot on the web about burning temperature of kerosene being lower than melting temperature of iron.

But does kerosene have a precise burning temperature?

Everybody who has ever seen somebody welding with a torch fed with acetylene knows that temperature or volume of flame can both be adjusted. The more oxygen you give to the flame, the higher the temperature.

Now that i think i started to realize there is not a precise burning temperature for anything. What is burning. Combining oxygen and hydrocarbons. Each hydrogen molecule that combines with carbon and hydrogen gives a precise amount of energy, not temperature. Temperature in a fire is dictated by the volume of the burning involved. The more oxygen you have or better said the closer to ideal the mix, the higher the temperature.

"It is unfortunately not too rare to find that fire investigators estimate flame temperatures by looking up a handbook value, which turns out to the adiabatic flame temperature. Statements are then made about whether some materials could have melted, softened, lost strength, etc., based on comparing such a flame temperature against the material's melting point, etc. The purpose of this short paper is to point out the fallacies of doing this, and to present some more appropriate information for a more realistic assessment."

https://www.doctorfire.com/flametmp.html

In a typical open fire you will have burning only at surface surrounding the fuel. That is because oxygen is all being consumed at the surface and cannot reach inside because of the dynamics of hot gas or plasma moving and preventing it from reaching inside and because of being spent there. That's why all the blacksmiths since the beginning of iron age invented and use the bellows.

They also use porous carbon rich coal made of wood that allows air to flow inside their volume after eliminating hydrogen and water from it usually by partially burning it in a low oxygen environment like in sand at high temperature.



They blow air with the bellows like in this video for reaching high temperatures necessary to forge the iron, usually above 771 Celsius or 1420 Farenheit when the iron starts to soften by changing to a different allotropic state, from body-centered cubic (BCC), most resistant (same with diamond) to a face-centered cubic (FCC) which allows movement or slip of crystals on slip planes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slip_(materials_science)

https://www.google.com/search?q=iron+beta+allotropic+temperature

But way before that happens there is another phenomenon happening.

During fabrication of beams through cold roling the steel like any metal hardens (before breaking). This hardening through lamination done by stressing metal is an advantage of cold lamination. But this type of hardening is lost if metal is heated at re-crystallization temperature, which is lower than the temperature stated above.

Hot rolled beams are also hardened during the controlled cooling process.

Both type can loose strength if heated above 260 degrees Celsius through a process called re-growth (of crystals).

Because of the dynamics of the fire, the oxygen from the air in any burning building cannot reach inside if there's something to burn outside first, simply for being consumed. Any firefighter knows it is not a good idea to break windows or open doors if unnecessary, that only bringing more oxygen and intensifying the fire.

With all these being said i think it's easy now for everybody to figure that if the steel towers were designed in a more "classical" fashion, with vertical beams way inside, the air and fire could not have reached to create near the beams the temperatures necessary to weaken them being consumed by the fire in the windows area.

Once the breakage started at one floor, the rest of the building above will start falling reaching enough moving energy to break he floor under. Simply because the outer beams where thicker towards the bottom of the tower, breaking first in the weakest area which was always at the floor under the breakage front. In a way, it was like a controlled demolition, only by design.

Inside the floors they were enough materials like concrete that would put out vast amounts of harmful dust that would cover significant areas around for a long time.