Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Non Human World Leader

First, a fake humanity declaration.

"The Humanity Declaration (人間宣言 Ningen-sengen) is an imperial rescript issued by the Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito) as part of a New Year’s statement on 1 January 1946 at the request of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers. In the rescript, which follows the Five Charter Oath of 1868, the Emperor denied the concept of his being a living god, which would eventually lead to the promulgation of the new Constitution, under which the Emperor is "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people"."[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanity_Declaration

"However, the meaning of the exact contents – delivered in stilted, archaic court Japanese – has been the subject of much debate. In particular, for the phrase officially translated into English as "the false conception that the Emperor is divine", the unusual phrase akitsumikami (現御神) was used instead of the common word arahitogami (現人神, "living god"). While usually glossed as "divinity" in English, some Western commentators, such as John W. Dower and Herbert P. Bix, have argued that this means "manifest kami" (or more loosely "incarnation of a god"), and the Emperor could still be an arahitogami even if he is not an akitsumikami."

Second, the physical resemblance of the Emperor Hirohito with pharaoh Khufu and the name which seems Asian.

Khufu is responsible for building the first and greatest of the Egyptian pyramids, a technical marvel of the stone age, of which functionality remains mostly unexplained to this day. Could it had been built using alien knowledge and its functionality include creating earthquakes and mega-lightning everywhere on Earth, global surveillance and communications, others and its first possible use was during the great war described in Mahabharata, which is dated about the same period the Great Pyramid was built?

Could it be the genealogical line of the emperors of Japan draw from aliens that landed on Earth millennia ago in a little ship, with little means but great knowledge and they had to make use of whatever materials and beings they got on hand?






Twin Towers Fall II

While checking the spelling on the title i remembered something. The strange connection between the title and logo of the series, Twin Peaks, and Oregon License plate. They say one picture equals one thousands words so i will make this post mostly of pictures.
There are many pictures of debris of WTC. The following are from forums, could not find the original sites, so i will just put them here. (I thing things are too important for everybody and too public for any fuss about copyright).

This one taken during construction says eveyrthing on how the towers were built. These are the structural outer beams made of HSS (Hollow Structural Steel) which basically is a square cross section empty in the middle made of rolled and welded carbon steel. There are some holes though kinda big to my opinion allowing workers to insert bolts and nuts and tools to tighten them.
This is from another site showing the type of joint between vertical beams. This type of joint can take a lot of pure vertical compression load, in fact as much as the beam itself. However, if the two beams are pulled from each other or pried, like in the case of wind bending the building and elongating it at one side, the maximum load is the one the 4 bolts can take.
There are numerous pictures on the web showing bolt failure at WTC. The bolts used at WTC where high strength hardened steel that could have been severely affected by heat. Also the ones that are not affected by the heat being hardened through quenching are more brittle than normal bolts. "ASTM A325 [note the symbolism] is an ASTM International standard for heavy hex structural bolts, titled Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength. It defines mechanical properties for bolts that range from  1⁄2 to 1- 1⁄2in diameter." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASTM_A325

Heat treated. That basically means quenching followed by tempering. Quenching steel makes it harder but more brittle. In place if heated, looses some of the strength and becomes more ductile or easy to bend. The fracture of the bolt shown in this picture here is not brittle but ductile, showing some flow of the material before breaking).
If an image can say a thousand words, how about a video? Only trouble with videos is they have commentators who speak and sometimes get emotional and there is a background sound that is also highly emotional. However i will put here the link to a couple of starting point within the same video. My suggestion is not to watch more than a few seconds cause cause most if is not real information but real emotional garbage.

https://youtu.be/3S5ohCX9JI8?t=12m55s

https://youtu.be/3S5ohCX9JI8?t=14m19s

There are few pictures of the immediate post impact area of the towers. Some of them are on false conspiracy theory sites. However i need to put the pictures which are real here to explain something.

I never knew until now the outer beams were wrapped in aluminum cladding which is a health problem in itself.

This picture shows some of the beams (not cladding) broken or dislocated from their joints (bolts broken) right at the time of impact. Most of the plane made of thin aluminum sheet was actually shredded by the heavy steel beams and most of it and a part of the fuel went inside. This part of weakened structure was the starting point of collapse of the tower.

If the beams were fewer and bigger with the same total load capability the plane would have still gotten inside but the beams would have resisted. But that was not possible with this type of design where all the weight of the building was supported by continuous outer vertical beams. The beams were in the same number at the top and bottom of the building but at lower level they had put thicker beams because of accumulated weight. Fewer beams were not possible at the bottom because they probably could not find any bigger.
These two pictures show many structural beams broken right after impact at one side of the tower. Those alone would have been almost enough to make the tower tilt above this level and fall. As for the comment embedded in the picture. It was possible. It is in the picture. The plane didn't cut through the beams. The beams were bent and dislocated out of the joints more like from the pressure of the shredding of the plane. The cut circled in the image is in the soft aluminum cladding. You can see in the left side of the pictures some beams that seem dislocated by tree like the bolts were broken and the cladding on top broken on a line along the joints (of the cladding).
I think the tower structure broke at impact in the same points where it was assembled that is at the bolted joints of prefabricated components made of three beams each and three cross-plates or brackets that were again assembled by bolts.

At this point the claim "the towers were designed to withstand the impact of a jetliner" does not stand anymore. Important damage seen here right after impact may seem only superficial but these were some of the beams holding the weight of the building. Once a percentage of the beams where damaged at a location the tube design which is strong only as a whole would not behave anymore like a tube but more like pieces of metal held together by bolts.

Finally the picture of a truss that holds the floor. They were trusses connecting each beam of the outer core with a horizontal one of the inner. Once the outer beams are missing or bent, the truss that was held by only by two bolts with the beam will fall together with the concrete. If one floor falls, they will make all the others fall.
In the following picture you may see how fragile the connection between floors and structural beams are. The structural beams of the faces of the tower where not connected to each other horizontally by structural beams like in more "classic designs" making this type of tower look like a cage! If the structural vertical beams where to bend and brake like they did when they were impacted by a jetliner, they could not possibly be held together by the non-structural horizontal trusses. First consequence would be the floor will fall. Once one floor has fallen, only partially, the shock-wave of the falling massive concrete floor (not seen yet poured in this picture) hitting the concrete floor under will break enough of the bolts holding the structural beams together around that floor for the whole building to start collapsing and this again can happen only at this type of design with missing horizontal structural beams.
In a way the tower stood like a giant cage with nothing connecting the oposite sides. Only heavy concrete floors hanging loose on the opsosite sides (not yet present in the pictures). The fallen concrete floor account for the huge amounts of dust spread all around New York.

Hat trusses. Hat trusses stood on top of the building and judging by their size compared to columns they were structural. It was the only structural connection between the core and outer columns both structural preventing, well, the core not to... lean on a side!. The core was a tower within itself and could sustain a bit less than half the weight of all concrete floors. But was it a stand alone tower? It couldn't have been cause it was too thin for the height and would have swayed. Could sustain vertical but not horizontal loads. These hat trusses account for the rigidity of the whole structure and wind resistance. Also the floor trusses played a role in sway proofing the building especially the independent sway of the sides. We get to the point where non-structural elements play a role in the structural stability and this where the economy plays a part. The tower was built with half of the steel necessary for the same building designed "classically".
Sway is a well known design probelm of tall and thin structures. Allthough the calculated cross-section and material strength can withstand the vertical load they can collapse because of instability of being so thin and bend like a bow before the prying action of a beam bolted to the next one would break the bolts.

Here is described how a tower made of beams can sway and they actually all do only at a small tolerable and manageable scale. In our case without the non-structural floor trusses the very tall and thin core tower or tower within tower would have swayed at the middle pretty much like a bow under the enormous weight of the concrete and collapsed. The floor trusses where also also to controll sway of the central core.
Many people still ask themselves why the towers never fell on a side. Simply because they were too fragile to even lean especially after been severely weakened on one side.

From this picture is clearer. Fire or not tower could not have stood long after almost 1/3 of the structural beams on impact side (Number 100-200) at several floors were damaged or compromised. That is about 10% of total.
http://ws680.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=30059

"The core was a conventionally framed structure, albeit with massive columns, that primarily carried gravity loads (the majority of the floor system, as well as the elevators and HVAC system)"

It couldn't carry the load for the majority of the floor system cause at one end of the trusses were laying on the central core and the other on the outer "structure". So it was half. Right now it's a mystery to me where the trusses at the four corners where leaning on the other end from the outer beams.

Ok i solved that one. The trusses at corners where hanging on other trusses! (those themselves were hanging half on central core and half on outer columns, so that gives in total more load on outer). But here is one that seems of light design or the same design that seem to hold 4 others at that corner! The one with many purple dots. That beam holds several times more floor weight than others. It's easy to imagine what would happen if that one failed. Also. That truss loads the corresponding outer beam several times more then those around, breaking the whole symmetry of equally loading the outer tube.

And i think it was hanging in a damaged area of the outer beams. I think - no, i bet - that's the point where the tower started to collapse, the connection of the overloaded by design truss with the outer tube.
Yeah i just checked. The plane impacted in the area with the short trusses damaging that critical truss and at several floors at once many others on one side. At that moment the rest of the standing trusses started to bend and it was a matter of time until the floor fell. It took the accumulation of the energy of the falling of several compromised floors to start break the any others under that where structurally intact.

Either the shock wave from the impact made all the bolts of the outer beams pop or the tube was dilating a bit because of the pressure of the concrete actually exploding when hitting each other that was dilating the outer tube at each floor leaving the hanging trusses with no support or maybe a combination of both. Again the floor trusses which could play a structural role in sway proofing could not fully take a structural overload which should always taken into account during design because of earthquakes.
Could the "terrorists" know the weakest point of the floor and also steer the plane with such precision so it would hit exactly there?

One more thing. This is the kanji symbol for star.
And this one's for ninja.


And the symbol for kuji-kiri.

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Hardening and Softening of Metals

All along the walk on the Greenway trail couldn't wait to come back to write about it. Though it is taught only in colleges that have something to do with manufacturing, including machine tools manufacturing, i think it should be part of mainstream general minimal knowledge.

Theoretically it should have been a nice walk but it was yet another one from hell. Just before i left i checked under the hood. About six months ago i closed with the soldering iron a crack in the nylon part of the radiator and a few days ago i smelled again the smell of coolant (That truck did that for most of its life, once i was fixing something something else was popping). The crack opened again and there was coolant by it. At the trail itself there was some sort of fireplace smoke in the air that also had a chemical component. For that to happen somebody must burn a piece of plastic in a cold fireplace. And before checking under the hood when i got outside i smelled some solvent. Here at this complex like in the other before and the other before there was always some major remodeling/fixing work to be done at one apartment nearby and today was no exception. Also. All morning since woke up like always there was a continuous roar of modified exhaust cars taking turns in vibrating my whole universe and spine to the point i got sick to the stomach. It has always been like that but i started to become more aware after i got rid of the last colita at the door and had not seen yet another after a week or so. Among others a guy dressed in neon green and blue, reminding me of the failure with the (winter, cold) blue-green tablet of denture cleaning detergent in the blue denture box.

So i opened Wikipedia for this one. Wow. Incogniscible. Far away from the mainstream eye this definition at the beginning of the article transcends my power of understanding though i studied it a lot in college and i got it re-freshenning after the previous post about WTC disaster.

But couldn't i just find something on the web close to my my current perception so i don't have to re-invent the wheel write right now in this afternoon?

No luck there. I wanted to find something that puts together both hardening through cold laminating and thermal treatment. Ok let's bring on the definition of metal, metal structure and start with the basics.

All people know in nature we have crystals. They find them in mines. Diamonds, rubies, quartz, amber. Just kidding. Amber is not a crystal. Amber is raisin from a tree that have fossilized. Polymeric. Amorphous. The opposite of crystal.

A crystal is a symmetric, repetitive arrangement of atoms in a pure substance upon cooling and solidifying. In a way is like a bigger 3d molecule because nearby crystals stick together by electric forces as well. Crystals come in a variety of shapes but most common and most interesting crystallizing systems are the cubic ones. It's the system in which diamond, ruby and iron crystallize. Didn't know metals are crystalline substances? They are, in a way. In another they are not due to fact that continuous crystals in metals are very small, confined to micron size grain-like crystals. Metals are thus hybrid crystalline-amorphous substances. Luckily there is a site on the web that allows us to see interactive 3d intuitive images of some crystallizing systems. Mono crystals or single crystals including two purely theoretic fcc (face cubic center) and bcc (body cubic center) are present in this website's archive. (Drag with the mouse to rotate).



Best way to figure crystal grains in metals is to look at a fracture. Here is a fracture of a piece of of steel increased 1000 times under microscope.
But what in the world makes metal crystallize in small grains and not in big crystals like other substances, like by example silicon dioxide which is grown in single crystals the size of an elephant's leg in wafer manufacturing facilities?

In my opinion there are two causes. One is thermal conductivity of metals. Unlike silicon dioxide, when cooling a metal there is enough time for the temperature change to diffuse in the whole or large contiguous volumes of metal for crystals to start growing simultaneously in all volume. Thus crystallization starts at many points at once and crystals stop growing when they bump into each other. This is being aided by the impurities. Real metal contains a number of impurities that may solidify first that act like seeds for growing the small grain.

Hardness in any substance is given by the symmetry of arrangement of atoms. The more symmetric, or the the closer to an average distances between atoms are the stronger that material or harder to find a weak point or area with larger distances that may initiate a fracture.
Intracrystalline hardness or hardness of crystals themselves is very easy to explain and it pertains to the crystallizing system. Both fcc and bcc give strong materials because of symmetry of arrangements but bcc is stronger because is more symmetric. Steel by example which is actually an alloy of iron and cementite (a chemical combination of iron and carbon) depending upon temperature crystallizes in both forms, being bcc under some 912 Celsius and fcc above, where it is heated to be easily forged or rolled because is softer but with some volume differences due to rearrangement in different size and shapes of crystals upon cooling (not talking about thermal deformation or dilation or contraction within the same crystallizing systems which is a different process of its own and it actually adds up to a total difference of size upon cooling), whic means if we process iron steel above that temperature in fcc state the cooled resulting shape and size in bcc state will be slightly smaller by two different causes, which needs to be taken both into account by manufacturers.

Intercrystalline hardness of metals is the total hardness or what we perceive as hardness of a metal and usually is less than that of crystals themselves. Metallic bonds, electric forces that hold together the atoms in mono-crystals and crystals or grains are the same forces responsible for holding the grains together though arrangement of atoms at the border of the grains is less than the ideal one inside crystals, or with different distribution of distances, other than close to average inside crystals.

Elasticity is the property of any crystal, metallic or ionic, to give in or to change shape within certain limits when a force is applied and atoms pulled apart or pushed into each other are still left in the same arrangement and then fully recover, that is the deformation is completely reversed upon cessation of the force. This is characteristic to pure crystals like diamonds.

Any pure non metallic (ionic) crystal will deform after a force is being applied and get back in the exactly same unchanged initial shape with any change of properties if the force is being ceased before fracture and will break after a certain limit, without a permanent deformation left (the two fractured parts are still the exact sum of the initial one). We say crystals are brittle.

Metals because of metallic bonds and the grain like structure and defects within grains due to impurities will permanently deform before fracture and if the deforming force is ceased before fracture they might be left deformed and functional and they can become part or of a working structure.

Upon deformation the grains will start moving onto each other and inside along defects and rearranging allowing the metal to basically flow before fracture which is both inter and intracrystaline. However the rearrangement will not be as neat as the initial puzzle anymore. Grain deformation means sliding of crystal planes inside in areas with defects which makes them harder to further deform by exhausting the possibilities but also closer to fracture. We say metals are plastic.

Due to this property many manufacturers use processes of shaping the metal through plastic deformation. Metals is deformed to known tolerated limits sometimes in several steps while becoming harder which can make the parts smaller and lighter basically with the same material. One of the processes is called cold rolling and is used to produce beams including those used in building of skyscrapers. Cold deformation always introduces some stress in metal with some volumes applying permanent forces to others. This stress makes the final products somehow prone to breakage in certain directions more than others when applying a load.

When metal parts like I or H beams is produced through hot rolling, which is done at a temperature above re-crystallization where metal flows without breakages they can be hardened through a different process, called quenching, which is controlling crystal growth through controlling the speed of cooling.

Also. It is known from experience the smaller the grains in a metal, the harder and brittle the metal and the properties are closer to those of crystals the grains are made of. That is because the smaller the grains, the harder to move them against each other cause the surface between them or bonding surface is bigger. (surface/volume ratio increases with decreasing volume) and also harder to initiate intracrystaline deformation because smaller crystals have fewer initial defects.

Grains in metal can permanently change size and quality (reducing the number of intracrystaline defects, increasing size) through annealing and decreasing size through quenching, processes called by metallurgists thermal treatments.

Annealing is a thermal treatment that is used to decrease hardness and reduce stress in metals, sometimes after plastic deformation used in fabrication of different shapes of steel and has three stages. Annealing can be done at temperatures way below melting or fcc/bcc transition in steel.

"The temperature range for process annealing ranges from 260 °C (500 °F) to 760 °C (1400 °F), depending on the alloy in question."

"if annealing is allowed to continue once recrystallization has completed, then grain growth (the third stage) occurs. In grain growth, the microstructure starts to coarsen and may cause the metal to lose a substantial part of its original strength. This can however be regained with hardening."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annealing_(metallurgy)#Stages

We also know from experience the faster we cool a metal the smaller the grains. Temperature dropping suddenly in a volume or at the surface only will initiate many new solidifying points or grain seeds reducing final grain size. Blacksmiths call this quenching and they do it by immersing a piece of steel in water for a certain amount of time. It is done after achieving the phase of re-growth of incomplete annealing. Blacksmiths in the past knew the temperature of the hot metal and when to do this bu the shade and intensity of the color of the hot red metal and other signs.

Quenching is a form of hardening the steel through thermal treatment rather than plastic deformation. But not any steel will quench. You need a certain amount of carbon in the form of cementite in the steel for this to happen through initiating more grains. Cementite has a slightly higher melting point then iron and solidifies first. Being dispersed throughout the hot alloy, it will initiate many new crystals.

Iron processing was known since at least 2500 years ago in Northern Europe. Scandinavians are among the people who have a long tradition. There are infinite possibilities and ways to produce high quality steel parts and tools and they are still best at. Blacksmiths in Medieval Japan needed about 3 days of continuous firing of the smelting furnace just to produce the steel, the starting point for making samurai swords. The whole process that included folding and welding of the final product in many strata took about 6 months and the price for a sword was the equivalent of 1 million dollars in today's money. In the Middle East they were making the famous Damascus swords, which actually had a texture inside the metal and it is said they could cut the barrel of a gun.

With all these being said we can figure by now. A cheap steel beam with a low carbon content that will not quench can be produced through several stages of cold rolling, also increasing its strength through introduction of intra and inter crystalline deformation. The final product will have a strength higher than initial steel after slow cooling from being produced in liquid form. However if the final product is submitted to an annealing process will become as soft as the initial cast steel ingot before cold rolling.

I am pretty much convinced all these things are thought in the US as well. But they are so basic are oftenly overlooked by engineers who nowadays specialize in very narrow fields of manufacturing and neglect the greater picture. The few who however figure it out don't have a voice or the courage or the motivation to say it out loud.

Monday, November 20, 2017

Twin Towers Fall

As all hell broke loose today in the media, a myriad of subtle allusions that seem to top many things i've said, the clearest idea just came to mind. First, a question and an answer from Google.

"One World Trade Center and Two World Trade Center, commonly the Twin Towers, the idea of which was brought up by Minoru Yamasaki, were designed as framed tube structures, which provided tenants with open floor plans, uninterrupted by columns or walls. They were the main buildings of the World Trade Center."

And a link to a Google search. Surprisingly, most of the images are misleading, suggesting the load on the outer columns was minimal. They were some interior columns mainly for elevators and air shafts, taking maybe last than a quart of the load.
In a way is similar to the design of unibody cars which have no chassis but a frame made of sheet metal. There are advantages and disadvantages of cars without a chassis. I've once been hit from behind waiting in my truck at an intersection by a small but heavy Nissan Z built similarly to Porsches that is with a heavy chassis. Chassis hitting another chassis both with massive, steel bumpers made my mandible and bones in my spine move a bit from their normal positions which hurt for weeks after. Luckily though i had my foot pressing pretty hard on the break pedal when it happened and i was not pushed in traffic at that intersection. Also, minimal, almost invisible damage to both cars.
If i was in a unibody car, the frame would have bent and suffered damage while the shock would have been minimal.

As i said yesterday as i vaguely remembered reading it a long time ago, the WTC twin towers where designed by the American architect of Japanese descent Minoru Yamasaki in an innovative fashion for skyscrapers at that time. He was given the task after winning a contest against more famous architects. Today i checked and my memory was right.

Towers, instead of having massive columns inside, they were built more like a unibody car or wide bodied plane or most expressively said, like a can. All the resistance was at the outer walls, leaving
more freedom for floor plans.

How innovative this type of design was?

"Tube structures cut down costs, at the same time allow buildings to reach greater heights. Tube-frame construction was first used in the DeWitt-Chestnut Apartment Building, designed by Khan and completed in Chicago in 1963.[4] It was used soon after for the John Hancock Center and in the construction of the World Trade Center."

Among the requirements the towers should have withstood 80 mph winds and an impact of the biggest plane at the time. Probably like all the others.

But there is one difference between the previous and even following tubular structure design of tall building making the WTC design even more innovative. The size of the outer beams. On the same cross section, the load was divided on thinner, more numerous beams, 1 meter apart each. That made them more prone to breaking when the plane crashed through them and more vulnerable to heating by fire.

On September 11 2001 two planes full of kerosene after just taking off hit each tower.

What freedom means for floor plans? Lack of walls allows installing vast areas with cubicles which allowed the fuel from the shredded planes to soak the carpet and furniture and air go get in all the way to the core to feed the fires where about 1/4 of the vertical load of the building lays upon.
Kerosene is a type of fuel that comes out of the distilling process of oil at a temperature between gasoline and diesel. Lighter than diesel fuel, it has more carbon or more energy packed per gallon than gasoline.


Here is a diagram out of the web of continuous oil distillation process.

Heated oil is pumped continuously inside the column and fuels separate by weight and come out continuously from those pipes. The temperature inside the distillation column is higher at the bottom and lower at top to keep the heavier fractions flowing. The fuel fractions separate by weight of the fraction, the more hydrogen and less carbon content of each hydrocarbon fuel fraction distilled, the higher in the distillation tower.

I brought this up because burning carbon gives you more energy per each individual molecules combined than hydrogen. The heavier the fuel, also the more energy per weight it packs. From this point of view kerosene is close to diesel, that is a more energy carrying fuel than gasoline.

I has been speculated a lot on the web about burning temperature of kerosene being lower than melting temperature of iron.

But does kerosene have a precise burning temperature?

Everybody who has ever seen somebody welding with a torch fed with acetylene knows that temperature or volume of flame can both be adjusted. The more oxygen you give to the flame, the higher the temperature.

Now that i think i started to realize there is not a precise burning temperature for anything. What is burning. Combining oxygen and hydrocarbons. Each hydrogen molecule that combines with carbon and hydrogen gives a precise amount of energy, not temperature. Temperature in a fire is dictated by the volume of the burning involved. The more oxygen you have or better said the closer to ideal the mix, the higher the temperature.

"It is unfortunately not too rare to find that fire investigators estimate flame temperatures by looking up a handbook value, which turns out to the adiabatic flame temperature. Statements are then made about whether some materials could have melted, softened, lost strength, etc., based on comparing such a flame temperature against the material's melting point, etc. The purpose of this short paper is to point out the fallacies of doing this, and to present some more appropriate information for a more realistic assessment."

https://www.doctorfire.com/flametmp.html

In a typical open fire you will have burning only at surface surrounding the fuel. That is because oxygen is all being consumed at the surface and cannot reach inside because of the dynamics of hot gas or plasma moving and preventing it from reaching inside and because of being spent there. That's why all the blacksmiths since the beginning of iron age invented and use the bellows.

They also use porous carbon rich coal made of wood that allows air to flow inside their volume after eliminating hydrogen and water from it usually by partially burning it in a low oxygen environment like in sand at high temperature.



They blow air with the bellows like in this video for reaching high temperatures necessary to forge the iron, usually above 771 Celsius or 1420 Farenheit when the iron starts to soften by changing to a different allotropic state, from body-centered cubic (BCC), most resistant (same with diamond) to a face-centered cubic (FCC) which allows movement or slip of crystals on slip planes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slip_(materials_science)

https://www.google.com/search?q=iron+beta+allotropic+temperature

But way before that happens there is another phenomenon happening.

During fabrication of beams through cold roling the steel like any metal hardens (before breaking). This hardening through lamination done by stressing metal is an advantage of cold lamination. But this type of hardening is lost if metal is heated at re-crystallization temperature, which is lower than the temperature stated above.

Hot rolled beams are also hardened during the controlled cooling process.

Both type can loose strength if heated above 260 degrees Celsius through a process called re-growth (of crystals).

Because of the dynamics of the fire, the oxygen from the air in any burning building cannot reach inside if there's something to burn outside first, simply for being consumed. Any firefighter knows it is not a good idea to break windows or open doors if unnecessary, that only bringing more oxygen and intensifying the fire.

With all these being said i think it's easy now for everybody to figure that if the steel towers were designed in a more "classical" fashion, with vertical beams way inside, the air and fire could not have reached to create near the beams the temperatures necessary to weaken them being consumed by the fire in the windows area.

Once the breakage started at one floor, the rest of the building above will start falling reaching enough moving energy to break he floor under. Simply because the outer beams where thicker towards the bottom of the tower, breaking first in the weakest area which was always at the floor under the breakage front. In a way, it was like a controlled demolition, only by design.

Inside the floors they were enough materials like concrete that would put out vast amounts of harmful dust that would cover significant areas around for a long time.

Monday, November 13, 2017

Tesla and Bosnian Pyramids.

Since, at least for myself, i have established the rulers of Egypt are Northern Europeans, i came back to the relatively recent discovered Pyramids of Bosnia. First, we should note the proximity with the place of birth of Nikola Tesla, the greatest inventor of known recent civilization who revolutionized and accelerated the use and production of electricity. There are other inventions of his including several types of transmitting power and information wirelessly around which there is lots of confusion and other inventions, some hidden. Some even claimed he discovered forms of free energy and geo-weapons.

Here are a couple of screenshots from free Google Earth which i installed on a Windows 10 computer that is more performant than mine.

The first shows a Birdseye view of the one of the so called pyramids.
We can note the cardinal directions' (north, east, south, and west) orientation similar to the pyramids of Geeza of two of the distinguishable sides or faces, that of east and north. By looking at the today's geometry of the formation we may note it is possible than underneath the vegetation and soil we may distinguish the northern and eastern faces of a pyramid while the other two may have been eroded or even quarried.

Within the second screenshot there is a measurement again done on Google Earth of the distance between the so called pyramids and the birthplace of civilization changer Nikola Tesla.

Before trying to hypothesize in directions never heard before even by the fiercest conspiracy theorists and starting to build speculations let's bring all the informations we can find of course on the web to satisfy the stipulation to the known reality regarding the subject.

At that time both Croatia and Hungary were in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It makes sense Tesla studied in Austria and worked in Budapest.

"In 1875, Tesla enrolled at Austrian Polytechnic in Graz, Austria, on a Military Frontier scholarship."

"In 1881, Tesla moved to Budapest, Hungary, to work under Tivadar Puskás at a telegraph company, the Budapest Telephone Exchange." There he might have perfected the first known electronic amplifier.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikola_Tesla#Working_at_Budapest_Telephone_Exchange

Many of Tesla's inventions are based on the principle of resonance. Radio, which was first patented by Marconi (decades later the patent was reversed to Tesla) uses this principle. Two distant oscilating circuits, an emitter and a receiver can transmit information as small amounts of energy from one to the other if they are at resonance or build with the exact same parameters. A modern transistor or IC (integrated circuit) radio, which was perfected in the 50s uses a series of transistor amplifiers to amplify the very week signal of a resonating coil so the signal can be heard in a small speaker.

Above is the simplest possible radio, something i played with when i was a kid at children's club, that can work without a battery. The coil and capacitor put in parallel (connected at both ends) with each other and in series (one connected at each end) with the ground and antenna provides the resonating circuit. The totally passive resonating circuit is an LC oscillator, that is made of a coil with delays the current of a voltage applied to it exchanges periodically energy with the capacitor, which anticipates the current applied to it. But for that periodic exchange or energy to happen it needs some from a source of power and that is radiant EM energy received by the antenna. A variable electric field emitted by the huge FM and AM antennas on top of hills can do it. But the circuit would work or receive signal which is very small amounts of power only at resonance, that is when its own oscillating frequency coincides with the frequency of the emitter and that can be done by tuning it either by adding or removing winding to the coil making it a fixed frequency tuned oscillator or by the use of a tuning variable capacitor which allows us to catch multiple stations each of a different frequency. It is more complicated than i can explain here, there are lots of sites who do just that but the point is it will draw energy from a distant emitter when tuned at the same frequency, energy which is modulated with a signal used for information purposes. The diode in the schematic above can extract that variable energy or information and make it available to headphones.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LC_circuit#Resonance_effect


Above is a working real life batteryless AM radio build exactly by the schematics described earlier, out of 4 electronic components, all passive and without any amplifier. Energy received by the antenna in the resonating circuit directly from the huge power emitters is enough to power a small headphone.

But now only low levels of power can be transmitted wirelessly. Here is an experiment done by an MIT team of students and teachers that actually duplicate some of Tesla's experiments since about a century before. In the same fashion of Tesla, these guys actually stand between the coils which demonstrates even better what i'm talking about: The power is transmitted only between the two coils that resonate with each other.

What this has to do with the possible link between Tesla and Bosnian Pyramids?

Still have to bring in some more information to prove it.
Bellow is an animation of an oscillating spring. If in vacuum it could move forever if it wasn't for the intra-crystalline friction (between tiny grains or crystal of the metal). (I believe a single crystal quarts oscillating purely mechanically in vacuum can oscillate forever, but never thought of this until now; let's put it aside for another time).

Like in any analogy, we are tempted to ask selves. Could this mechanical oscillator exchange energy with another one and through a phenomenon similar with transmitting wireless energy?

The answer is it could and it happens all the time. Tough as suggested in the animation the spring on top is linked to a stand of infinite mass and infinite rigidity that does not oscillate and does not steal any energy from the spring, that is not possible in reality. In reality the spring can be attached to a stand which in itself has its own finite mass, elasticity and it contributes, though neglectable for the purpose of a simple oscillation demonstrating experiment to the slowing down and ultimately stop of the oscillation.

But what will happen if we put another spring attached to the same stand? After a while the other spring will start to oscillate a little, depending on the size and stability of the stand, on a frequency that is a combination of its own and of the initial one. Or its own modulated with the one of the other one. As the amplitude grows, it gains more energy through the stand from the first while the first start to slow down. In the end the energy will equalize in both until there is no energy to transmit from one to another, before they will stop altogether due to again internal friction and friction with the air if not in vacuum. Bur what will happen with resonating springs?

The closest example i can find on the web about transmitting energy between two oscillating spring at resonance

Now let's imagine a multitude of springs, not hanging but standing on a mat (of springs as well) with the weights on top and among them only two of the same parameters or own oscillating frequency. Only the two with the same oscillating frequency will exchange energy in a similar fashion with the experiment in the video above.

Now for the conclusion all we have to do is replace again in our mind the mat with ground surface and the springs with mountains also made of rocks both the ground and the mountain being elastic and have weight and each mountain having its own oscillating frequency.

What happens if through some means we can actually make a mountain jump up and down (of course, only tiny but perceivable non-zero oscillations).

If there is in a relative of let's say a few hundred km a mountain with the same parameters, the two will exchange oscillations.

But what happens if one of the mountains is a pyramid that has tunnels inside were one can release balls, of different sizes and slight eccentricity? The energy of the ball that results from its height after being carried through some means or even manufactured on top of the pyramid will gradually transfer to the pyramid making it oscilate. All mountains nearby that have that particular frequency the same with the rotation speed of the ball or maybe even curvatures of the tunnel will start oscillate.

But it is very unlikely they will be in the distance in any direction two mountains of the same oscillating frequency. If well chosen, the ball and the tunnel, only one will oscillate.

That in itself will be nothing because the ball could not possibly have enough energy to create a distant earthquake, but maybe only a tiny, though non-zero one. But if the distant targeted mountain sits on a seismic area which has built some energy since the last earthquake and the moment is chosen on a certain alignment Earth-Sun-Moon which can ad or maximize that energy what will happen?

There are both tunnels and balls found inside and nearby the Bosnian pyramids.


https://www.google.com/search?q=bosnia+stone+balls&source=lnms&tbm=isch

https://www.google.com/search?q=bosnian+pyramids+tunnels&source=lnms&tbm=isch

One more thing. The Bosnian pyramids are located within a few miles from Sarajevo, the place where WWI, of which end we just celebrated on 11/11, started in 1914. and here is a picture with an alley with garages at Rolling Hills apartments. If you drive  up the alley too close from garages, you will oscillate a bit inside the car.

Friday, November 10, 2017

Sarpele în simboluri antice

Am pornit ca de obicei de la ceva și am ajuns la altceva. Mereu mi se întâmplă. Bogăția de date care se acumulează într-un ritm aș spune exponențial pe net dar și falsitatea sau poate ignoranța în care am trăit noi toți mă fac ajung la cu totul alte idei decât cele cu care pornesc o căutare. (Voi lăsa ideea inițială, de altfel foarte suculentă, la sfârșit, fiindcă are legătură multă cu simbolistica din politica și Constituția României). Nu promit nici o concluzie.

Am 20 de taburi deschise în browser și voi  scrie această postare în ordinea rezultatelor de căutări care m-au impresionat cel mai mult sau invers cronologică. De fapt m-am hotărât să scriu postarea în momentul în care am găsit această imagine. (Și pentru că nu vreau să pățesc ce am mai pățit, adică să-mi dispară imaginile dintr-o postare, cum mi s-a întâmplat de atâtea ori, când a picat un site sau un link, am să descarc și încarc imaginile pe blog ca imagini nu ca link-uri. Nu mă interesează copyright-ul acum).

Prima de pe un site al cărui nume are o pronunție foarte ciudată. Eu personal în SUA am fost întrebat de multe ori cum se pronunță numele meu, Ion, care pentru ei este apropiat de Ian, care se pronunță ca la fel cu in în Românește. Sunt nevoit să explic că majoritatea îl pronună ca aion în românește sau la fel cu cuvântul ion din chimie în engleză. https://theaeoneye.com/tag/christ/

Inutil să explic românilor care sunt pe partea daco-naționalistă ce poate fi un șarpe cu urechi răstignit în cap pe cruce.

Și totuși.

Mai departe, un simbol de pe același site link-at mai sus. Foarte interesant acel medalion care conține un șarpe cu cap de leu care poate fi precursorul lirei britanice. (Sterling pound).

Pe site-ul https://isiopolis.com/2014/08/17/isis-lady-of-the-holy-cobra/ am găsit această imagine. Acest tipi de animale mitice sau oameni cu coadă de șarpe este un simbol foarte des întâlnit în antichitate. Posibil ca și miticele sirene să fie din aceeași categorie.



Iar am căutat ceva și am găsit altceva. Mă uitam după sirenele lui Ulise și am găsit o sirenă cu jumătatea de jos a corpului ca o pasăre care amintește de altceva. Adică tot de Isis. http://www.theoi.com/Gallery/O21.1.html


Ciudata similaritate între coloanele lui Hercule și coloanele templului lui Solomon, care au și nume, Joachim sau Jachin și Boaz (da, amintesc în mod ciudat de actrița Oana Ioachim, dar și de Joan Baez, Justin Bieber (just in beaver cum spune eu), Sfinții Părinți care îi serbăm la o dată apropiata de moartea Oanei și nenumăratele firme americane care au în nume sau în siglă aceste inițiale.

https://www.google.com/search?q=jachin+and+boaz&source=lnms&tbm=isch

https://www.google.com/search?q=hercules+columns&source=lnms&tbm=isch

Care din cele două sunt la baza simbolului coloanelor folosite de masoni.

https://www.google.com/search?q=masonic+three+columns&source=lnms&tbm=isch#imgrc=8vpEVVdxi3NrrM:

Vreo legătură cu http://art.thewalters.org/detail/27828/triad-of-isis-nephthys-and-harpocrates/

sau cu

sau cu https://www.pinterest.com/pin/544020829964458860/

Ok și am ajuns deja la o concluzie pe care n-o mai spun și trec îndată la concluzia finală. Dar mai întâi https://www.pinterest.com/pin/448037862899424698/?lp=true și http://www.ancient-origins.net/opinion-guest-authors/ancient-city-lacedaemon-it-legendary-atlantis-part-two-001725


Și finalul. 115. 115 poate fi citit ușor ca ||S. Sau două coloane și un șarpe.

https://www.google.com/search?q=dollar+sign+two+columns+serpent&source=lnms&tbm=isch#imgrc=f2AaDPxT5g5-MM:

Și în Constituția României și în Regulamentul de funcționare a camerei avem un articol 115. În Constituție e vorba de delegare legislativă, adică ordonanțe și ordonanțe de urgență iar în Regulament despre aprobarea lor (așa numita procedură de urgență, pe care eu în continuare nu o văd).

http://www.cdep.ro/pls/dic/site.page?den=act2_1&par1=3#t3c4s0sba115

http://www.cdep.ro/pls/dic/site.page?den=regcd1_2#s24

Cu aceste două articole, unul din Constituție și unul din Regulament (și) o șopârlă în legislație ne-au aranjat băieții din Sumer (Boys of Summer) timp de 27 de ani. Cu o medie de aproximativ o lege și o ordonanță pe zi, legiuitorii noștri ne-au legiuit bine trecutul și acum vor să ne facă și viitorul cu Revoluția fixuală.

Articolul 115 alineatul (5) din Constituție spune. Ordonanţa de urgenţă intră în vigoare numai după depunerea sa spre dezbatere în procedură de urgenţă la Camera competentă să fie sesizată şi după publicarea ei în Monitorul Oficial al României. Camerele, dacă nu se află în sesiune, se convoacă în mod obligatoriu în 5 zile de la depunere sau, după caz, de la trimitere. Dacă în termen de cel mult 30 de zile de la depunere, Camera sesizată nu se pronunţă asupra ordonanţei, aceasta este considerată adoptată...

Ordonanțele de urgență însă nu sunt dezbătute în nici un fel, nici în procedură normală nici în cea de urgență. Ei interpretează articolul 115 alineatul (5) (și avem aici I5I5 complet) ca și cum ar fi posibil ca o ordonanță să treacă prin depășirea limitei de dezbatere de 30 de zile dar fără să fie dezbătută. Ori prima frază din paragraf conține sintagma "spre dezbatere".

Articolul 115 din Regulamentul camerei nu spune nimic despre cum ar trebui să se desfășoare o procedură de urgență.

Și exemplu aici, traseul legislativ al Ordonanței Nr.1/2017. Bine cred că este o greșeală, au vrut să spună alineatul (5). Greșeli în Parlament. (2 este un fel de 5 inversat totuși).

"27.02.2017     adoptat de Camera Deputatilor
ca urmare a depasirii termenului de adoptare, potrivit art.75 alin.(2) teza a III-a din Constitutia României republicata"

http://www.cdep.ro/pls/proiecte/upl_pck.proiect?idp=16147

Or-donanțele în România de azi sunt nimic altceva decât decrete executive similare cu cele ala lui Nicolae Ceaușescu. Ele sunt depuse în Parlament după semnare cu singurul scop de depăși limita de aprobare fără nicio intenție de dezbatere. Nicio democrație nimic.

Cu deosebirea că Ceaușescu a funcționat totuși cel puțin parțial sub ordinele sovieticilor.

http://www.cdep.ro/pls/legis/legis_pck.frame

A și chestia cu ISIS din Levant? O diversiune pentru a ascunde totul când a început să se afle. Despre Isis din Egiptul antic și faptul că acest cult este revitalizat și omniprezent în prezent.

Vreți să știți părerea mea despre cultul lui Isis? O părere foarte proastă. Emanațiile de excremente de la diferite animale, dintre care pisică, simbolizată de Sfinx, câine, simbolizat de Anubis și păsări, simbolizate de Isis, probabil șerpi și alte animale, au efecte psihoactive asupra oamenilor din cauză de evoluție, ele le folosesc pentru a-și ameți prăzile prin așa zisa marcare a teritoriului, nano-praful, altele, sunt principalele unelte "hardware" ale culturilor (cu accent pe primul u).

În miile de ani dinaintea codurilor scrise care au început să apară în epoca bronzului, ca cel al lui Hammurabi și altele, au avut timp să pună la punct tot felul de magii.

Sau
https://www.google.com/search?q=inanna&source=lnms&tbm=isch

Sau
https://www.google.com/search?q=ishtar&source=lnms&tbm=isch

https://www.google.com/search?q=estee+lauder&source=lnms&tbm=isch